What Is Badminton? How To Play The Game, What Are The Rules In Badminton?
In this article we will focus on the following points before you decide your Badminton Camps in Turkey Antalya:
History of Badminton
What badminton is?
How to play badminton?
What are the basic rules of the game?
The History of Badminton
5 thousand years BC the Chinese had a game Ti Jian Zi, which is now considered the ancestor of badminton. Similarly, in the 19th century, the game Poona which played in India could also be considered an example of the first badminton games. British soldiers brought this game to England in 1860. The Daughter of the Duke of Beaford liked this game. This game first have been played in the badminton hall of Beauford castle and was named after this hall.
What is Badminton?
Badminton - a game with a ball of goose feathers (shuttlecock) and two rackets, has many features that distinguish it from tennis, although it attracts attention with its similarity to tennis or table tennis. The main goal of the badminton game is to lower the ball through the middle of the field on the opponent's half.
Badminton is an easy-to-learn sport that people of all ages can play and enjoy. The age of badminton players does not matter. This sport, specially proper for parents and children, does not contain violence, is also preferable because it has a pleasant and exciting intrigue. The badminton court also has a net, such as a tennis court, and the badminton ball is a fairly soft and harmless ball. This minimizes the risk of injury to badminton players.
Badminton is widely spread in all segments of the population, among people of all ages, as it can be played in any environment and therefore received great recognition. Badminton is also played and loved in Turkey .
For the first time at the 1972 Munich Olympics, badminton was presented as a demonstration sport for the first time, after a 16-year break at the 1988 Seoul Olympics, it was again shown as a demonstration sport. For the first time in 1992 at the Olympic games in Barcelona, it will be adopted as a separate sport, England and Denmark will show themselves among the best badminton players. In addition, Indonesia has also made many achievements in badminton in recent years.Learn how to play badminton now…
How to Play Badminton?
Badminton is a sport that can be played both by two teams and one-on-one. Badminton equipment consists of two rackets and a shuttlecock. The length of the badminton court is 13.40 meters and the width is 5.18 meters, and the height of the grid in the middle of the field is 1.55 meters.
The basic principle of badminton is to score points by throwing the ball to the opposite side. Only the athlete(s) making the serve can earn points, each game set consists of 15 points. The first side that reaches 15 points wins the set. If there is a difference of one point, the game will continue until you get 2 points. The right of the first strike is decided by the draw of the judge. The winning side can choose either the half of field on which to play or the ball.
The athlete plays the ball with the racket on the opposite side. During this kickoff, both feet should be on the floor. Otherwise it will bea fault.If the ball cannot reach the opponent's field by crossing the grid in the middle of the field, it goes beyond the lines or hits the ceiling of the playing field (if it crosses a certain height in places without a ceiling), it is considered to be out of the game. If the badminton game is played in two teams, the field will be expanded by 42 cm more in width and height. Usually badminton consists of three sets. The first side, reaching 15 points with two differences, wins the set.
What are the Requirements for the Game?
Badminton Racket And Ball
Although badminton rules have been passed from language to language since the invention of the game, the first person who has wrote down these rules is the famous badminton player J. L. Baldwin. Badminton clubs, established in the UK in 1874, also adopted these rules. By 1934, The İnternational Badminton Federation for badminton was established, which gained international importance. Since 1934, England, Denmark, Indonesia and China have been recognized as the four leading countries in badminton.
The length of the grid in the middle of the badminton court should be 1.55 meters, the length of the rackets-65.5 cm, the width of the field-6.10 meters, length-13.40 meters, the badminton ball should have an average diameter of 3.5 cm. Badminton plays with 1 shuttlecock, 2 rackets and badminton shoes.
Although theoretically badminton can be played anywhere, except playing badminton in windy weather (because of shuttlecock). Today, indoor gyms are the most suitable areas for badminton.
What are the Basic Rules of the Game Exist?
What are the rules of badminton? How to play badminton? Badminton rules and detailed information.
The Rules of Badminton
Badminton is played by two or four players. The goal of the game is to throw the shuttlecock over the grid located in the middle of the field, leaving it on the side of the enemy. Once the ball touches the ground or goes beyond the field lines, just like in volleyball, the serve side wins the score. You can play: men alone, women alone, a couple men, a couple women or mixed pairs. The mixed team has 4 athletes, one male and one female on both sides of the network. The party that starts the game is appointed by lot. The party receiving the right to throw leaves the choice of field to the opposite party (opponents). The game starts with a throw from the right corner of the field.
The game is played up to 15 points with 3 sets in both single male and pair (female male) games. In single women's play up to 11 points. The winning team gets the right to transfer in the next set. In the third set the teams (players) change the fields when they reach 6 points in the game up to 11 points and respectively 8 in the game 15 points. There are 8 basic strokes in badminton:
- Clear (severe extreme): high blows over the head.
- Smash: high blows over the head from top to bottom. Used as a full or a half smash.
- Drop-shoot (Drop): headshots from the front of the shuttlecock, throwing the ball quickly or slowly.
- Drive (flat): this is quick horizontal strikes, made parallel to the floor over the net.
- 5. Flow: the starting shot. Apply as a short and high.
- Dap-shoot (killing stroke): this is a blow to the front of the ball, tangential.
- Lift/Lob (soft stroke): kick the ball from bottom to top.
- Spiel in net (Shuttle kick): this is a kick when the ball goes tangent to the net on the opposite side over the net.
There are also false attacks, called ‘deception’. It is a blow made in such a way that the enemy does not expect it. Also important forms of capture rackets when performing attacks. These grips are of two types: forehand grip (Handheld Front) and back-hand grip (Handheld Grip). Important for both strikes is « wrists' movement». Badminton punches, unlike tennis, are primarily formed according to the movement of the wrist, and then the movement of the elbow. Thus, the hand is not used as a whole (straight). Service throws are another form of hit. In the game, one side that makes a serve wins a point. The transformation of the flow in the offensive punch depends entirely on the experience and ability of the player. The most important point to pay attention to when submitting is that the serve does not give the opponent the opportunity to attack and violate his position.
The serve is different in singles and doubles games. Depending on whether it is a team or a single game, the serves can be from the right or left field. In the pair, the player, who is usually in the right zone, begins to throw a serve, and the field continues to serve both right and left until the right to transfer passes to the partner. Both legs of the player must be in contact with the ground when throwing to cross the grid and fall on the cross field of the enemy. The serve can be of three types: high, short and flick. They are tactically used at different speeds, such as high deep and high feed.
The serve in single mode: serve from the right area, in the even numbers (for example, 0-2-4). In odd numbers (for example, 1-3-5), the feed is made from the left service area.
In a pair, the player who is always in the serve area starts the serve, and this time he moves to the left service area if he gets a point and then makes the serve from that area. Thus, the game continues until you lose the right to throw the feed by changing the feed zone. Once that player has lost his turn of serve, if he used his first serve, then his right goes to the opponents, and once the last drop is done, his discard starts with the player who is in the right service area on the opponent's field. If the lost serve is not the first serve of the set, the serve starts from the area where the partner of the losing player is located and continues to drop the serve until he loses. As the side making the serve gets a point, players do not move to the right or left zone.
In the following cases, it is considered an error during making serves:
- Make a serves without waiting for your turn
- Dropping the serve from the wrong zone,
- Standing in the wrong area once the serve is done
Error in the serve zone:
- If the error was seen before the next roll, and if only one of the parties made a position error, and if the wrong side lost that game (if it didn't win from the wrong position), the position will not be corrected. Otherwise, the repeat feed (let) is decided.
- If the inaccuracy was not noticed before the next feed roll, the position error will not be corrected.
- The game will be repeated, correcting the position (let) ,if in the feed area it was allowed to repeat the feed due to inaccuracy.
- If the feed zone error is not resolved, the new player feed zones (if necessary, a new feed queue) are resumed without modification.
A fault (error) is an exceptional movement that is performed during the game and stops the game. If the side that throws a serve in a single game makes a fault, the transfer queue goes to the opponent's side. If the side that takes the pass makes a fault, the side that throws the serve wins the point. While the discard queue at the first player, if that player makes a fault, the transfer queue passes to the second player, while the second player makes a fault, the right to service passes to the opponents.
Other faults include:
- If the serve has not been dropped correctly,
- If the player who throws the serve misses the racket,
- When serving, no matter what shape, if the ball is stuck in the net,
- If the ball falls behind the field or passes under the net,
- If it falls to the floor, touches the ceiling or side walls,
- If the ball touches the player's hand or clothing,
- If the ball touches a person or object that is outside the playing field (in cases where it is required to take into account the hall structure , the local badminton authority determines the rules to be applied if the ball touches an obstacle, provided that it does not contradict the rules of the Federation),
- If the initial point of contact with the ball during the kick is not on the side of the player who hit the net (after the kick has been made, the racket can continue to move behind the ball, crossing the net),
- While the ball is fed into the game, if one of the players touches the grid or the pillars holding it, by racket or body or t-shirt,
- Attacking an opponent with a racket or body through the grid on the playing field (8.out of the article),
- If the opponent disturb the playing field with the racket and the body from under the grid to distract the opponent,
- If prevents the opponent to hit the ball by hitting the net,
- If he intentionally distracts the opponent by shouting or making hand movements while playing,
- If trying to pitch the ball stuck in the racket
- Double kick the ball by the same player
- Two strikes one after another by the same player and his partner
- If the ball continues to move backwards after touching the player's racket,
- If player, regarding 13 paragraph, receives a fine for insistent and abusive behavior and actions, that in rule, counted fault.
The game stops during the fault and the other player continues from the place where the game was stopped.
SITUATIONS WHEN THE BALL IS OUTSIDE THE GAME
- If it hits the net and hangs there,
- After hitting the net or pole, when the player with the ball lands on the floor of his half of the field,
- In contact with the surface of the playing field,
- The ball is considered out of the game when “fault” or “let”.
In badminton matches, field referees, intermediate referees, third-party referees and service referees perform their task.
The main judge has the full right to a tournament and competition. The main referee controls the meeting, field and informs the referee of the tournament or official official. The service judge determines the service errors made by the player. While checking the side referee's lines, the ball falls in or out. Responsibilities of the Chief Justice include:
- Confirms and guarantees the observance of the rules of badminton,
- Objections made before the next submission is dropped will be resolved,
- Allows players and spectators to be aware of the events of the competition,
- In consultation with the field referee, he chooses the side of an arbitrator and service of the arbitrator or exclude it from the game,
- It makes explicit decisions of the arbitrator and the service arbitrator at the scene,
- In competitions where there are no field judges, he ensures that his responsibilities are fulfilled by someone else. If the field judge does not see him, he performs his task or replays the game, making decisions to stop or continue
- Decides to stop the game,
- Takes objection to the field judges on the game, and rule violations (objections must be made before the next pitch is thrown or the end of the game, before leaving the field).
- Draws attention to the situation related to the continuation of the game, and report it to the tournament Committee.
- If the parties are not satisfied, he passes their applications to the main tournament Committee only regarding the rules.
- If the player making the serve was unable to score in the set while it was an even number, or if he made his score an even number, the players use to serve to the right of their half of the field.
- If the player making the serve has an odd score in this set, players can either make the serve or take it by stopping in the left service area.
- in case of extension of the set to perform 1. and 2. Rules, the total number of points received by the player making the serve is taken.
- If a “mistake” is made or the ball becomes out of the game, the right of transfer and acceptance will be changed in turn.
- If the player receiving the serve makes a “mistake, or the ball goes out of play, touching the surface of the receiving player’s half zone, the player who made the serve will receive a point. The player who served was re-selected from another service area.
- If the player who received the serve makes a “mistake ya or the ball goes out of the game, touching the player’s area, no player gets a point and the serve will be given to the opponent’s player.
- At the beginning of each set in the game "pairs" and each transition to one side of the right to serve, shuttle shot will take place directly from the feed area.
- Only the player who is responsible for accepting the serve can accept it. If his partner hits the ball, or if the ball touches him, the one who made the pitch will get a point.
- Any player may kick the ball until, until you made an error after the serve performed, or the ball goes out of play.
- After serving, players can hit the ball from anywhere on their own side of the grid.
- If the side that is responsible for the serve makes a “mistake” or if the ball falls on the side that takes the serve and exits the game, then the side that made the serve gets a point and the player who made the serve makes a re-serve.
- If the side making the pitch make fault or the ball falls on the side of serve and exits the game by contacting the ground in the field, the serve player loses the right to resume the throw, and both sides do not get a point.
- At the beginning of any set, if the player's side that made the serve cannot increase the score or will make the score an even number, in that set, it will either drop the service from the right serve area or that part will accept the serve. Otherwise, it will use the left service area.
- The side of the player who is in charge of the service at the start of any set cannot increase the score on that set, or when he makes a double number, he will be in charge of the service in the right service area or drop the service from that area. The reverse situation will also use the left service area.
- Each time the hand changes, except in cases of feed failure and re-feeds, the strike is made from different service areas.
- The right to make a serve passes from the player who made the initial serve in any set to the player who was responsible for taking the first serve, after that the player passes to his partner, from him to one of the players of the competing side, and then to his partner, and the game lasts in this way.
- Other than feed errors and feed repetitions, no player can use a serve before their turn, can't afford a serve before the turn arrives, or can't afford two serves in the same set.
- Any player who wins a set can make the first serve of the next set, just as any player in the losing team can accept the submission in the next set.
OTHER RULES AND PROHIBITIONS
- The game will continue without an interval from the first serve until the end of the game (except when rules # 2 and # 3 are allowed).
- Rest time between sets during the whole match does not exceed 90 seconds.
- In cases where the conditions do not depend on the players, the chief justice may decompile the game for the time he considers necessary. In this case, the current score is saved exactly the same and the game continues where you left off.
- Under no circumstances can the game be stopped in order for the player to be able to regulate breathing and collect strength or receive tactics and advice.
- With the exception of cases specified in rules # 2 and # 3, neither player can get tactics and tips during the game.
- During the match, no player can leave the playing field without the permission of the referee.
- The only person who has the right to decide pauses in the game is the chief justice.
- Players may not intentionally pause the game.
- Players cannot intentionally interfere with the speed of the ball.
- Players should not behave aggressively and insult someone.
- The head referee gives a warning to the team that does not comply with the rules, gives an estimate of the error, a warning in case of continuing violations, informs the head of the tournament, who has the right to disqualify players.
- In cases where a tournament is not appointed, other powers of disqualification of players and participation in the tournament belong to the official of the tournament.