WHAT IS GOALBALL?
Goalball is an enjoyable team game for the visually impaired. It is known that this sport was developed in German after World War II. The game was developed for the rehabilitation of soldiers who lost their sight during the war at that time. In the following period the International Blind Sports Federation (IBSA) made this sport a team game for the visually impaired and determined its rules. The game of Goalball was first introduced to the world at the Paralympics Games in 1976 in Canada. It is played in all the Paralympics and other championships held after this date.Goalball has become more common all over the world in recent years.
In our country, inter-school goalball tournaments have been held among visually impaired students for the last four years. Goalball is one of the indoor sports. The playing field is rectangular. The field is 18 m long and 9 m wide. There are two opposing goal posts in the game. Goal posts are positioned like in football and are located at both ends of the field. The height of the castles is 130 cm and the width is 9 meters. The ball used in the game is the size of a basketball ball and 1250 gr. weighs. There are bells in this ball that make a sound. There are holes on the surface of the ball that allow the sound of the cymbals inside to spread out.
Players throw the ball towards each other in order, using certain rules and shooting technique in the Goalball match. The team that scores the most goals wins the game. The game is played between two teams of three sportsmen. Each team consists of 6 players during the competitions. Three of them play in the game and three are substitute. Since Goalball players have visual impairments of varying degrees of severity, they have to wear glasses or an eye patch that completely obstruct their vision to equalize their chances during the game.
The important point in Goalball sport is that the disabled are an indispensable part of the Olympic games. Goalball is a very unknown sport for the disabled. The match is played in two periods of 10 minutes and 20 minutes. There is a 3-minute rest in the half-time. If the regular time of the match ends with an equalizer, two more periods of 3 minutes are played. If the equalizer is not broken during this time, free throws determine the winning side. During the game the hall must be completely silent to allow the bells in the ball to guide the players, allowing the athletes to concentrate well and react immediately to the ball. The silence that follows the cheering rising after each point is a sign of the return to the game. Goalball is a tournament sports. The important point in Goalball sport is that the disabled are an indispensable part of the Olympic Games.
Eye mask / Eye Pads / Glasses and Contact Lens:
Competition Categories and Classification:
Creating a Team: